Critical Control Points

The Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points (HACCP) food safety system focuses on steps that are critical to control hazards in the process to produce safe food. This course is based, in part, on HACCP. 

Process preventive controls must have documented parameters and minimum and maximum values, monitoring procedures, corrective action procedures, and validation that the process control addresses the hazard. 

These science-based values are quite specific and are applied at processing steps commonly referred to as Critical Control Points. It is important to document this information and different formats can be used. 

Process Preventative Control Form

Process Preventive Controls
PRODUCT: __________PAGE 1 of ___________
PLANT NAME: _______ISSUE DATE: _______________
ADDRESS: ________
Process
Control
Hazard(s)Critical LimitsMonitoringCorrective
Action
VerificationRecords
WhatHowHow oftenWho
[ What control will manage this hazard? ]
Download a blank version of this Process Preventative Control Form or access it in the Appendix. (FSPCA, 2016. Preventive Controls for Human Food Instructor Guide. Page 9-2)

During the hazard analysis, you should consider hazards associated with that particular step in the production process. Each hazard must be evaluated to find how significant the risk is and the likelihood that the hazard will be dangerous to human health. If you deem the risk to be significant, it is considered a CCP, and you should devise measures to control the hazard.  

For example, when evaluating the peanut butter process, we identified roasting as a process control point requiring preventive control. We based this decision on the fact that studies show Salmonella bacteria may be present in large enough quantities in raw peanuts to cause illness. 

Process Preventative Control – Roasting

Process Preventive Controls
PRODUCT: __________PAGE 1 of ___________
PLANT NAME: _______ISSUE DATE: _______________
ADDRESS: ________
Process ControlHazard(s)Critical LimitsMonitoringCorrective ActionVerificationRecords
WhatHowHow oftenWho
RoastingNon-sporeforming pathogens, such as Salmonella
Process Preventative Control form example of Hazards (FSPCA, 2016, Food Safety Plan for Peanut Butter – Teaching Example, page 10)

The information from the process control and hazard columns can be transferred from the Hazard Analysis form to the Process Preventive Controls Form.